Create SD Card Images
This tip is for Linux users
Once you have an SD Card you are happy with, you can create an image of it. Connect the SD Card to the host and make sure you know which device the SD Card came up as. (Use dmesg or similar technique) Use your device letter instead of X below.
Create a complete copy of everything on the SD Card:
sudo dd if=/dev/sdX of=myimage.img bs=4M
Now you need to clip the image to end at the end of the second partition. This allows Windows users to use the image. Use file to get information about your image:
Output is formatted for clarity.
Ubuntu_12.11_20130420_Fully_Loaded_U2-HDMI.img: x86 boot sector; partition 1: ID=0xb, starthead 66, startsector 4096, 262144 sectors; partition 2: ID=0x83, starthead 61, startsector 266240, 11266048 sectors, code offset 0xb8
Do some calculation. End of partition 2: 266240+11266048=11532288 sectors. There are 512 bytes/sector for ext4 partitions, so convert to megabytes: (11532288*512)/(1024*1024) = 5631. For this specific image, the smallest amount of data we need to copy is 5631M.
Use dd to copy just the minimum length:
dd if=myimage.img of=clipped.img bs=1M count=5631
Now the clipped.img file holds the SD Card image. We can loop mount it as a check, but we need the starting offset in bytes: 266240*512=136314880
mkdir mnt sudo mount -t ext4 -o ro,loop,offset=136314880 clipped.img mnt # Now you can look around in the mnt directory # and umount when done sudo umount mnt
Compress the image to save internet bandwith:
xz -z clipped.img
And get the md5sum:
md5sum clipped.img.xz > clipped.img.xz.md5sum